Journal: Gupta AK, Murthy T, Paul KV, Ramirez O, Fisher JB, Rao S, Rosenberg AB, Seelig G, Minella AC, Pillai MM , (). Degenerate minigene library analysis enables identification of altered branch point utilization by mutant splicing factor 3B1 (SF3B1) Nucleic Acids Res. . ,Abstract:
Cancer-associated mutations of the core splicing factor 3 B1 (SF3B1) result in selection of novel 3’ splice sites (3’SS), but precise molecular mechanisms of oncogenesis remain unclear. SF3B1 stabilizes the interaction between U2 snRNP and branch point (BP) on the pre-mRNA. It has hence been speculated that a change in BP selection is the basis for novel 3’SS selection. Direct quantitative determination of BP utilization is however technically challenging. To define BP utilization by SF3B1-mutant spliceosomes, we used an overexpression approach in human cells as well as a complementary strategy using isogenic murine embryonic stem cells with monoallelic K700E mutations constructed via CRISPR/Cas9-based genome editing and a dual vector homology-directed repair methodology. A synthetic minigene library with degenerate regions in 3’ intronic regions (3.4 million individual minigenes) was used to compare BP usage of SF3B1K700E and SF3B1WT. Using this model, we show that SF3B1K700E spliceosomes utilize non-canonical sequence variants (at position -1 relative to BP adenosine) more frequently than wild-type spliceosomes. These predictions were confirmed using minigene splicing assays. Our results suggest a model of BP utilization by mutant SF3B1 wherein it is able to utilize non-consensus alternative BP sequences by stabilizing weaker U2-BP interactions.